Second Annual Report on Medical Assistance in Dying in Canada 2020
Second Annual Report on Medical Assistance in Dying
Based on these regulations;
Significant collaboration between federal, provincial and territorial levels of government, as well as practitioners and pharmacists has permitted the collection, verification and accuracy of the data contained in this report.
The number of medically assisted deaths continues to increase in 2020
In 2020, there were 7,595 cases of MAID reported in Canada, accounting for 2.5% of all deaths in Canada.
The number of cases of MAID in 2020 represents a growth rate of 34.2% over 2019.
All provinces experienced a steady year over year growth during 2020.
Total number of medically assisted deaths reported in Canada since the enactment of federal legislation in mid-2016 is 21,589
Profile of MAID recipients
Average age, 75.3 years
Chronic respiratory conditions, 11.3%
Neurological conditions, 10.2%
The majority of MAID recipients received palliative care and disability support services
88.5% were reported to have had access to these services had they wished
43.6% of MAID recipients were reported as requiring disability support services
Primary care physicians remain as the principal MAID providers, but the administration of MAID has shifted to home-based settings
1,345 unique practitioners administered MAID in Canada
94.7% of providers were physicians
5.3% of providers were nurse practitioners
68.1% of cases of MAID were administered by a family physician
The most commonly cited intolerable physical or psychological suffering
Loss of ability to engage in meaningful activities, 84.9%
Loss of ability to perform activities of daily living, 81.7%
The Honourable Patty Hajdu, Minister of Health
As Minister of Health, I am proud to present Health Canada’s Second Annual Report on Medical Assistance in Dying (2020).
Superior Court of Québec’s September 2019 ruling, struck down the MAID eligibility requirement that a person’s natural death must be reasonably foreseeable.
Third annual report on Medical Assistance in Dying in Canada 2021
2021, 10,064 MAID provisions reported in Canada,
accounting for 3.3% of all deaths in Canada.
The number of cases of MAID in 2021 represents a growth rate of 32.4% over 2020.
All provinces continue to experience a steady year over year growth.
Trudo Lemmens, health law specialist, University of Toronto
“What was originally conceived as an exceptional practice in medicine has quickly become normalised”
“Even before the law is set to be expanded to include mentally ill patients, we already have worryingly high numbers of people dying,”
Argues that Canada’s approach is far more permissive than comparator nations, including Belgium and the Netherlands.
“We’ve failed to sufficiently safeguard against the medicalisation of ageing.”
The new law enacted last year stipulates that, starting in March, 2023, MAID will be expanded to include patients with mental illnesses.
First deaths expected 17th march 2024
Senator Babet, live birtha